by Bradley Mitchell
Updated March 19, 2017
The terms "information technology" and "IT" are widely used in business and the field of computing. People use the terms generically when referring to various kinds of computer-related work, which sometimes confuses their meaning.What Is Information Technology?
A 1958 article in Harvard Business Review referred to information technology as consisting of three basic parts: computational data processing, decision support, and business software.
This time period marked the beginning of IT as an officially defined area of business; in fact, this article probably coined the term.
Over the ensuring decades, many corporations created so-called "IT departments" to manage the computer technologies related to their business. Whatever these departments worked on became the de facto definition of Information Technology, one that has evolved over time. Today, IT departments have responsibility in areas like
Especially during the dot-com boom of the 1990s, Information Technology also became associated with aspects of computing beyond those owned by IT departments. This broader definition of IT includes areas like:
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About Oliver Briscoe
Oliver Briscoe is a 20+ year veteran of the Informational Technology field. He understands his first principals and loves teaching others.